Academy Books and Records has been selling rare records since 1995
All records are shipped in stiff protective packaging.
RECORD CONDITION ABBREVIATIONS
Condition is subjective and if you believe we have erred, please bring to our attention.
M- or NM (Near Mint). We grade all opened records M- even if it appears they have never been played.
VG++ or E+ Indicates a record that may have some light scuffs or an occasional light click from a hairline scratch. Unless you were listening for these rare errant sounds, you would probably not notice them.
VG+ Most bands (songs) are M-, but 1 or more may have a noticeable pop and click or audible cut. Unless your favorite song is affected, these records can be exceptional values, selling for half the price of an M- recording. Many rare records can only be found in this condition; others come from the factory with this grade because of the grade of plastic or lacquer used. We have opened records and played them one time, and graded them E-E+.
E (or VG). Several bands have some noticeable clicks and pops, static, or hiss. The static and hiss are caused by repeated playing. You can spot these records by holding them up to a light. They will have a gray cast (from the surface being roughed up by by a worn needle).
Supplemental Condition Codes:
co = Cutout (a hole drilled by a distributor or manufacturer, or slit produced by a band saw, to mark a copy sold at a reduced price to a store and without the right to return it to the distributor if it does not sell. Similar to a remaindered book..
ss = Split seam
noj/nol = name or number on jacket/or label
xol = X on label (DJs mark the plug side with an X)
tos/tol = tape or residue or damage therefrom on sleeve/label.
Earlier issues of an album (and pressings within the issue) are generally more valuable than reissues. The rationale is that because records are stamped from a die, the earlier the pressing the crisper the impression and the fidelity of the playback.
Records designated PROMO are favored because they were sent to DJs and music journalists to hype new releases. Naturally these were typically the first discs off the press.
M = Mono[phonic] or one-channel. Mono is very crisp, with a lot of presence.
S = Stereo[phonic] or two-channel mixing. Stereo appeared in early 1958, so it is assumed that all recordings prior to 1958 are Mono, and all after the mid-to-late 1960s are Stereo. Between 1958 and the mid-1960s, most records were offered in both formats.
B (Both) = Record contains some mono and some stereo recordings. This is common with anthologies that encompass music from both eras.
SE (Electronic stereo) or R (Rechanneled). Some recordings from the mono era were re-issued in the 1960s as artificial stereo records, under the generic descriptor Enhanced for Stereo, or Electronically Re-Channeled. Capital used the trademark Duophonic. These recordings are electronically split into two channels, and in the process lose some fidelity and presence. A true stereo or mono version is preferable, if available.
P (Partial) = Some stereo is electronically rechanneled and some is true stereo.
Q (Quadrophonic). Issued only in the early to mid-1970s, these recording are rare. They are playable on any turntable, but to reproduce as four channel output, you need a system that will pick up each of the four channels; and four speakers. But with such a set-up you can create true surround sound. We have a number of Quad records in our inventory. The price is typically 20% higher than stereo.